Skincare needs through the decades
As we change with age, so does our skin and its needs.
Skincare in your 20s
Skin will still produce a good amount of sebum (oil) and will have a healthy cell turnover of about every 14-25 days. Breakouts may still be an issue. Hormones definitely play a role in this group. Some people suffer from underlying medical problems that can trigger acne later in life.
Sunscreen is definitely the number one skincare item and is important throughout life. It has to be broad-spectrum with a high SPF factor to be most efficient. A good, oil-free cleanser and moisturiser or one that is suited to your skin type is also important. Fine lines around the eyes may still seem a world away, but it would be prudent to start shielding and protecting the delicate eye tissue.
Skincare in your 30s
Skin problems related to cumulative UVA/UVB exposure can lead to a few problems in this age group. Pigmentation and blemishes may begin to surface in the form of freckles, sunspots and ultimately skin ageing. There are also multiple external influences that can speed up the ageing process, including sunbeds, smoking and excess alcohol.
In addition to sunscreen, cleanser and moisturiser, people in this age group may begin using vitamin A-derived medications such as tretinoin, to prevent skin ageing.
Skincare in your 40s and beyond
Within this age bracket, pigmentation still continues to be a problem, however this begins to compound with increasing visibility of fine lines, wrinkles and volume loss in the face. These issues can often lead to an aged appearance with a dull, rough and uneven complexing. Hormonal changes can trigger dryness and sensitisation or rosacea.
For the older age groups, a vitamin A-derived medication is helpful for combating fine lines, wrinkles, pigmentation and providing an overall rejuvenation for mature skin. Prevention is best, however, it is never too late to help combat the visible signs of ageing. Vitamin A prescribed medication is useful at any age and is shown to be especially effective in mature age groups.
Some rejuvenation lasers, fillers and injections may be helpful in maintaining a more youthful appearance. However, as with all skin issues, its best to visit a dermatologist for a thorough assessment and personalised treatment regimen so that you can get the most out of your anti-ageing routine.
Also, it is best to avoid powder-based make-up which accentuates fine lines and wrinkles.
Source: Living Well magazine, Issue 04, Autumn 2016.